QUALITY CHRONIC CARE
Firstly, chronic diseases are now the main cause of death and disability worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and respiratory diseases, now account for 59% of the 57 million deaths annually and 46% of the global burden of disease.1 Less developed countries now face a huge double burden of acute and chronic disease. For example, WHO estimates that the number of people with diabetes will have risen by 195% in India during 1995-2025 to reach 57.2 million, while Pakistan is expected to have about 14.5 million people with diabetes by 2025.w1
Chronic Disease Management (CDM) is ongoing care and support to assist individuals impacted by a chronic health condition with the medical care, knowledge, skills and resources they need to better manage on a day to day basis.
The quality of life in chronic illnesses can vary with age, especially for senior adults. Chronic conditions affect seniors' mobility and consequently their physical and functional status [6, 7], emotional balance, and self-esteem decline because of their dependence on others.
The aim of chronic care services is to improve the health and wellbeing of people with a chronic condition and reduce avoidable hospitalisations.
Chronic diseases generally cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear (8). According to Wikipedia a chronic condition is, a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.